Romance Short Story Outline

Author of books 3:16, You'll Get through this, Daily Devotionals, and blog posts. Some of the finest pieces of fiction are short stories. So many different ways writers get to completion. The natures of TV and film being what they are, that means that you don’t just work out a story and outline it for yourself, you deliver that outline to the development exec. Writing a short story is like an encapsulated novel focused on one main character. Set amid the austere beauty of coastal North Carolina in 1946, The Notebook begins with the story of Noah Calhoun, a rural Southerner returned home from World War II. gay-romance, gay-short-stories, gay-erotica. Use story development and screenwriting software to create theme, plot, and characters for your screenplay or films. Walden is a book comprised of chapters. Discover The Bizarre Method To Outline A Romance Short Story In Only 1 Week Without Years of Study Or Previous Experience Or Even Any Experience As A Writer!. A Book Outline template is a form of template needed to have an effective book content. For example, any type of mythic or adventure story can work well with the Hero's Journey, while a romance might be better suited to the Three-Act Structure, and a thriller or suspense is great for the Save the Cat Structure. William Somerset Maugham was a notable proponent, with his Cosmopolitans: Very Short Stories (1936) being an early collection. Charters, Appendix 1: "Storytelling Before the Emergence of the Short Story" pp. One strength of the. Below, we have provided an ever-expanding selection of old and new short stories that are free to download. By clicking on the link, you will find a short tutorial on how to create an outline, a video on how to structure an outline, and tabs at the top with links to help on developing a topic, locating information, and other essential steps. Go to Short Story Outlines - Romance Book I. Melanie Price ENG 104, Prof. Denton, Idea Generator, Random Idea Generator, Writing Resources, Writing Romance. It will provide the outline and much more information. That's not necessarily bad, as there's time to get to that, but so many other potential problems are slipped in that it seems like this story is about other things. This year I’ve had more questions about writing short fiction than anything else. This could be indicative of the world in the last days. The story is a romance, but there's nothing that suggest romance is on the horizon, or that Nik wants it. They pay $500 for an outline, $1,000 for a first chapter, and another $1,000 when they have accepted the first 10,000 words of a story. SYNOPSIS / SUMMARY This short story is about Mamzelle Aurelle who is still single at the age of 50. The New Testament is mostly short stories, parables, brief lessons, and succinct propositional statements. SLEEPING WITH THE E. Each story depicting a handsome guy whom you fell in love with, but what's to say he felt the same way? The more you read, the more he felt drawn towards you. Love and Romance Stories This section enlists passionate stories in which the plots and characters explore the multidimensional emotion that is love. And she couldn't find a way to make it work. Book Outline Template #3: A simple scene list. "Outline the plot of the story. Romance – A Short Story Essay. Writers Write is your one-stop writing resource. Below you will find a lesson plan for you to refer as an example. Below you will find a sample outline and the essay written from that outline. Every lesson plan has a title, teacher's information, contents of the short story, a purpose and objectives. Book Outline Template #2: A plot-oriented story outline that tracks each scene’s relationship with your plots and subplots (inspired by J. But don't let our categories stop you from putting your own spin on a writing prompt: if you find a short story idea tagged as sci-fi, but you think it would make a great romance plot, run with it! For tips on how to come up with your own story ideas, scroll to the bottom of the page. He paid the price in full, and we are free from condemnation when we accept that free gift of love. She died of heart failure on February 3, 1975. Fred Drops Dead. 3+ Short Story Outline Templates A short story is a kind of fiction that can be read in one sitting. Short Story newsletter is a comprehensive summary of the day's most important blog posts and news articles from the best Short Story websites on the web, and delivered to your email inbox each morning. In the 1920s flash fiction was referred to as the "short short story" and was associated with Cosmopolitan magazine; and in the 1930s, collected in anthologies such as The American Short Short Story. He was the only one she found solace in. The best stories leave the moral unspoken explicitly. Anxiety Of Anxiety And Stress Disorders - Its the first day of the week, and you have what seems like a normal day ahead of you; considering you 've already planned everything to the exact hour View Notes - Informative speech outline student stress from COM 231 at Guilford Technical Community College. They include:. posted by: in Creative writing short story outline template Monday the 21st Alexander List of unique research paper topics business plan sample for internet cafe math essays samples. Others might mistake the flicker on the mountainside for a twinkling star, but she knew it’s a candle burning in the window–their sign. The short story outline template free consists of a story outline for short stories. Need even more story ideas? Get our top 100 short story ideas here. The Creative Writing Now site has a long post on outlining several aspects of writing, and one that includes a novel outline summary worksheet. In this post, we tell you the secret to writing a good short story. And—think of it!—I only eighteen. Individuals love studying tales of legends who’ve made achievements in life. Ways to read and interpret short stories. An outline can provide a sense of control, helping a writer maintain structure while guiding a story along. How to submit your short stories to literary magazines (and which ones you should submit to) Let's Write a Short Story! won't just give you the information you need. The obstacle to their romance that they must overcome is that if people found out about the paranormal situation and their involvement, there would be serious social consequences. God keeps pursuing us and waiting for us to cast ourselves on his faithful love. He had been a reluctant soldier in Hitler's army and here, inside a prison in Scotland, he had months to contemplate what had been and what was to come. Start With an Idea. Please register or login to continue. ON THE ART OF POETRY By Aristotle Translated By Ingram Bywater With A Preface By Gilbert Murray Oxford At The Clarendon Press First Published 1920 Reprinted 1925, 1928, 1932, 1938, 1945, 1947 1951, 1954, 1959. But the secret to successfully getting a short story published is to add something special to your storytelling mix…something that captures the attention of editors and readers alike. Here is your short paragraph on Happiness ! Happiness is the key towards leading a happy life. " Mother Teresa said, "It is not how much you do, but how much love you put into what you do that counts. If you want to write for kids and get your stories published you've come to the right place. Too bad it takes the love of his life getting gang-raped to get him off his butt. This%story%takes%place%on%amysterious%island%in%the%middle%of%nowhere. Melanie Price ENG 104, Prof. A silent wind swept the crowd. Love Stories TV's Love Club = Your wedding dream team. Some are happy tales, while others have not-so-happy endings. Elements of a short story 2. The Love and Grief of the speaker for Annabel Lee Edgar Allan Poe's poem "Annabel Lee" is one of his most famous and well-loved poems and contains themes that appear in many of Poe's work, such as the death and burial of a beautiful woman, undying love, and deification of her memory. - i know how about a novel template 360 blank pages- all you have to do is fill it in. What is theme of "The Chaser" by John Collier? In my opinion, the theme of this story is love -- it is a story about the true nature of love. In this true short love story, a party girl meets her match as she passes through Montana with a traveling show. Keen, calculating, perspicacious, acute and astute—I was all of these. Love and Kindness - The greatest virtues. Love won’t lie about weaknesses, but neither will it deliberately expose and emphasize them. Natasha and Mario sought God before they sought each other. By keeping these points you can write short stories like a real writer. Usually, the resolution of a short story also consists of some moral or message for the readers. Book Outline Template #3: A simple scene list. It is a beautiful film with a sad story to tell , one of undying love that lives long after the credits roll. Having problems with story structure?. These essay types fall into two categories: own dramas and essays on dramas by prominent writers. 2 Apr 2019- Explore novelsoftware's board "Plot outlines / Genre Story Templates", followed by 4507 people on Pinterest. They offer a list of story beats which are commonly found in a given genre. com is an online resource for sermon outlines and preaching ideas. How to Edit Your Short Story Before you begin to edit. When I think of short story topics, I often think of the short morality tales like those of O. Characters are the central element in any kind of storytelling. ] [Unsatisfying cliffhanger. The two stories share many of. COURSE CATEGORIES; 87% off #Short Story Outlines – Romance Book 1 – $25. Some are happy tales, while others have not-so-happy endings. BACK TO THE TOP This is a true story in a series of radio spots by Brian Kluth of www. There is a formula to compelling opening lines and it is about creating a story within a single line - even if it is not the story that will ultimately be told. Short stories take on any kind of themes such as love, friendship, revenge, supernatural beings, crime and fictionalized historical accounts. The other Greek words for love are eros, erotic love, philos, love for family, brotherly love, and stergos, natural affection. Outlines are usually in the form of a list divided into headings and subheadings that distinguish main points from supporting points. Find descriptive alternatives for short story. The chapter is a convenient unit. Inspirational Story Family. This story outline is driven by the development of a compelling character arc. My Story Maker - Write Your Own Illustrated Fairy Tales My Story Maker is a tool that helps kids write their own stories. Use story development and screenwriting software to create theme, plot, and characters for your screenplay or films. As I watched, I praised God for His beautiful work. Amazon – the giant online store offers more that 8,000 items under “Short Stories” in the Children’s Ebooks Department. God loved His own and provided a way—the only Way—for us to spend eternity with Him. It is a product of the author’s imagination. outline of relationship or love story. com everybody should keep in mind before writing any short story. It requires an immense amount of time, work, and dedication, and even in the outline; you’d be surprised to find how easily one rushed paragraph can ruin the whole thing! After all, the outline is the backbone of your entire story! Take a break and come back, but don’t put the fate of your story in danger by rushing!. These outlines were assembled by a pastor, and are provided to give pastors a basic idea of the structure and flow of the messages as they were originally preached. Movies constantly bombard us with unrealistic expectations of love. Browse through and read or take teenage love romantic love story stories, quizzes, and other creations. A step sheet is a bare bones outline that helps you clearly see your plot structure. Acts 2:23-24 Topic: The Cross As Jesus hung on the cross of Calvary, the Jews were pleased that his voice would be silenced forever. 34 There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it. The short story outline template free consists of a story outline for short stories. Published just before her twentieth birthday, a prolific and gifted writer’s final contribution to this website. This course will take you through everything you need to know to write the kind of romance novel that gets noticed. Here is your short paragraph on Happiness ! Happiness is the key towards leading a happy life. Thankfully, most mothers would not dream of killing their children, we must note the mother’s love that pleases God is learned by instruction and admonition, Titus 2:4. Writing short stories is in and of itself a worthy goal. First, if you could write a story without the need to write an outline first, you wouldn’t be wasting your time reading about the significance of an outline template. Many writers do. Book Outline Template #3: A simple scene list. The simplest building blocks of a good story are found in the Three Act Structure. Though some writers actively avoid plot outlines, preferring instead to let their ideas flow as they write, creating a plot outline before you dive in can help you get a better sense of your story. The story is about a patriotic smuggler whose species is being exterminated. Unless you are writing a very short, simple document, you should begin the writing process with an outline in order to guide your writing. We are talking about real characters and humor based on reality. In Creative Nonfiction #71: "Let's Talk about Sex," writers invite us to share some of their most intimate moments—first times, last times, and everything in between. Choose a setting (time and place). The twelve questions provided in it cover all main points of the story effectively. The cold night crystallized her tears. In spite of the shape allusion,love triangle stories are far more complex and can get messier when there is a fourth entrant. When Irina and Woodford McClellan got married. The Old Testament is mostly epic narratives. Young Writers magazine is currently under construction. A is a story of an encounter between two people by a car accident and how one of the charters is struggling with his reality. We publish a wide range of content and welcome writers from all backgrounds, cultures and communities to submit to the romance series or trade imprint best suited to their unique voice and story. Track and lend your books. Love, Joe" and put it in front of your house or her apartment complex for the world to see. The novel starts in 1777 with a prologue that introduces the Schuylers. hate to be a party pooper but you haven’t actually given us any stories or plots these are just blank sheets of paper! The idea of an outline is that you tell us what the story is about to make writing it easy. First step to write short story is to understand five basic elements of it. Free Short Sermons. Six Act Structure is story structure made easy to understand. 774 Likes, 6 Comments - SimplyKlaire (@simply. It can be as sweet as first love and finding out who you really are (Into the Wild Nerd Yonder) or as bleak as coming to terms with a sexual assault (Speak). Story writing software and outline software can guide screenwriters through the story development process, from title to logline. I like to consult these when I’m first thinking of a idea for a novel and when I start a revision. When I don't have a lot of time for planning or a last-minute change to my schedule has me scrambling for an activity, TeacherVision always saves the day. The cold night crystallized her tears. Romance Story Ideas - it's a hot topic, and one that a lot of my readers are into, so I wanted to give you a few more resources for your short stories and possible novels. About Love by Anton Chekhov. Be clear about whether you’re writing about a book, an essay (non-fiction, short prose), a story (short fiction) a poem, a novel (book-length fiction), an autobiography, a narrative (as in Captivity Narratives) etc. You can also see a timeline of these stories arranged chronologically. If you have not taken Romance Short Story - Creative Writing Outlining Series 1, do not start here. Walden is a book comprised of chapters. But "love is the only force capable of transforming an enemy into a friend" for it has "creative" and "redemptive" power. If you have not taken Romance Short Story - Creative Writing Outlining Series 1, do not start here. Novel outlines are available for Word, Excel & PDF. The Great Gatsby is the story of eccentric millionaire Jay Gatsby as told by Nick Carraway, a Midwesterner who lives on Long Island but works in Manhattan. FREE SHORT SERMONS are available in a succinct format. Usually, the resolution of a short story also consists of some moral or message for the readers. Not point form. Make Bedtime even more fun for your child with hundreds of children short stories online, short stories for baby and short children bedtime stories. When I think of short story topics, I often think of the short morality tales like those of O. 3+ Short Story Outline Templates A short story is a kind of fiction that can be read in one sitting. Short stories The lump of gold. First Person Point of View. One Fry Short of a Happy Meal. Entries close on 26 March. Fill this out and hang it up in your writing space for focus and motivation! TITLE:. Most are located in the nonfiction area of a library. * He was a strong man. The development of plot is the story. She is alone except for her dog named Ponto and her workers who are negroes. All about a character's transformation, coming of age, coming to terms, learning better. Best selling Christian author Max Lucado Anxious for Nothing. When my life was quickly falling out of my hands and reality wasn't within reach, I felt helpless. Short Story Topics. Inventory: 26 Songs that are just as good as short stories. I've never considered writing an outline for a short story, but I've tried it with one and it worked beautifully. My brain was as powerful as a dynamo, precise as a chemist's scales, as penetrating as a scalpel. It can be as sweet as first love and finding out who you really are (Into the Wild Nerd Yonder) or as bleak as coming to terms with a sexual assault (Speak). Through the story they learn why they feel incomplete and must face their demons and deepest fears in order to evolve as a person and become whole. The short story as a literary form has the power to convey ideas as complex and nuanced as longer-form fiction. Learn by example and become a better writer with Kibin’s suite of essay help services. Almond Press / Dystopian Short Story Example The dystopian genre can be varied and crossed with many other genres. Suppliers were demanding payment. An outline is a plan for or a summary of a writing project or speech. But the entire month of May is dedicated to the form, so it’s as good a time as any to dip into the huge body of good work available online. Short fiction is not only a great form to explore ideas, but it's also the perfect place to tell quick, concise stories. It will provide the outline and much more information. I like to consult these when I’m first thinking of a idea for a novel and when I start a revision. If you're looking for an outlining tool to help you write a short story, you will love this template. It was 1945, World War II had drawn to a close, and a young man sat broken inside a POW camp. Having problems with story structure?. Here's what your outline should encompass for a short story:. It is called short essay in the sense that the way that a certain topic is presented is congested but still focuses on the goal of making the audience understand the whole point of the essay. How to Write a Short Story: A Beginner’s Guide is designed for the high school or college student as well as a beginning writer or author who wants to write essays of a creative nature, or in other words, short stories. The first morning, I sat at my desk overlooking the lake where the first Icelanders were gently christened in 75 degrees Fahrenheit bathwater a thousand years ago, and recorded every single thing I could see out the window. Professors love drama short stories. Main characters E. Short stories can be written in a variety of formats, but the most typical features a small cast of characters with names and focuses on a single, self-contained incident. Like poetry, a short story relies on literary devices like symbolism and imagery, characterization and setting, to convey the author’s themes. Trying to Get Free Advice. If your assignment is writing a love short story then the correct place for you is P rof E ssays. 15 "A Simple Love Story": An analysis of love throughout To Kill a Mockingbird Love is defined as "an intense feeling of deep affection" or "a person or thing that one cares for deeply. Story outline and story structure—are they different terms describing the same thing? This is a question I frequently receive, and the answer is, "No, they're completely different concepts and tools. And if he was right that all the world loves a lover, then the best loved book in the entire Bible should be the prophecy of the prophet Hosea. Impressions of Ordinary Life One of the sweet comforts in life is curling up in a favorite chair with a short story that will carry us away from our everyday lives for an hour or two. redux of a very illogical plotline) Identify specific things I want to write about (ex: tank battle, politics, boarding action). No two stories are a like, just as no two writer's are alike. ] [Quirky. It could be the ending, or a twist halfway through, or just the entire story that makes you go "WTF?!" from. An outline can provide a sense of control, helping a writer maintain structure while guiding a story along. Here we will discuss different outlining and storyboarding methods for your soon-to-be novel. The author uses short sentences which are. Max Shulman: Love is a Fallacy Cool was I and logical. Hagin sermons. Ralph Waldo Emerson observed that the entire world loves a lover. It can be as sweet as first love and finding out who you really are (Into the Wild Nerd Yonder) or as bleak as coming to terms with a sexual assault (Speak). GiveWithJoy. Check and ensure that your short story has not been submitted before. Many other genres, such as science fiction, fantasy, horror, romantic suspense, and paranormal romance, often employ these kinds of story lines as well. Dedicated to the Classic Short Stories and Novels. In the meantime, please enjoy browings our archives. They are frequently anthologized stories, and are generally considered to be excellent examples of the form. - i know how about a novel template 360 blank pages- all you have to do is fill it in. Outlining software helps build a story scene by scene. The seven traits are ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions, and presentation. Short stories The clever monkey. I willed myself not to judge or change the words as I went. A Simple Novel Outline - 9 questions for 25 chapters May 2, 2011 May 16, 2015 H. Most romance will combine some elements of comedy, though they also can be very dramatic. Translating a great story idea onto paper can be overwhelming and intimidating. A story that has humorous elements such as random use of words or nonsensical words. Real life, meanwhile, tells us that most relationships are poor, nasty, brutish, and short. COURSE CATEGORIES; 87% off #Short Story Outlines - Romance Book 1 - $25. Writing Worksheets - Story Pictures Students can write stories to go along with these pictures. My Story Maker - Write Your Own Illustrated Fairy Tales My Story Maker is a tool that helps kids write their own stories. They are there, you know—words of judgment, that is. Place a love message in the "personal" section of the classified ads in your local paper. Thanks for your comments on LearnEnglish Teens. Love & Basketball was definitely director Gina Prince-Bythewood’s baby, loosely based on her own story, so we worked together on the arc and how to display the costumes on this tomboy girl who. Discover the four keys to writing spy fiction with an unputdownable plot: blockbuster premise, killer logline, flawless structure and epic narrative drive. well as modern short rhymes. The short story analysis worksheet that needs to be filled out for "The Necklace", "The Utterly Perfect Murder", and "The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms". Dear friends, Whether or not the following inspirational short Christmas story is true, it's a wonderfully inspiring story for people of any faith. Rekha Ambardar has been writing and publishing short fiction and nonfiction in print and electronic magazines for the last ten years. Reading our samples of short stories will also help you a great deal. On the other hand, with these essays, the author is required to pull a cohesive narrative arc from memory and events that, actually, happened. She is alone except for her dog named Ponto and her workers who are negroes. Others might mistake the flicker on the mountainside for a twinkling star, but she knew it’s a candle burning in the window–their sign. And she couldn't find a way to make it work. These can be used for creative videos, reviews, landing page videos, ads, events, website videos and more. History of short story form (i. [SP] Speculative Fiction. Short Story / Romance. If you want to find out more about short stories read: The Secret To Writing A Great Short Story. We provide full, detailed analyses of your favorite novels and films to help you improve your writing. No two stories are a like, just as no two writer's are alike. Short films aren’t a lesser form of cinematic storytelling. This course will take you through everything you need to know to write the kind of romance novel that gets noticed. Want to write a customised short story really quickly? Choose a style, opening and type of ending, name your character, choose a few adjectives and we write a story for you. The loving kindness of Mary for the Christ child is evident on paintings throughout the world. You may use a question only ONCE during the. It could be stated that if you have 60 scenes, then you could create a beat sheet with 60 entries that describes the mission, or the content, or both, for each of those scenes. * She had cold. Short Sermon Outlines - Try these simple sermon outlines! They are suitable for 10 or 15 minute Wednesday night devotionals. The Old Testament is mostly epic narratives. This could be indicative of the world in the last days. My rule of thumb, the only thing I would add, is that scenes should move the plot forward by 1-3 plot points, or else be deleted. Characters are the central element in any kind of storytelling. Another theme statement could be: Do not let your personal hatred. Ultimately, the "right way to outline" is whatever way works best for you. How to Write a Love Story. It can be as sweet as first love and finding out who you really are (Into the Wild Nerd Yonder) or as bleak as coming to terms with a sexual assault (Speak). In the romance of Jacob, and Rachel, we see the unconditional love of Jacob. Let us enjoy reading this Greek Mythological Story of The God of Love. Watch Love Club weddings and book these amazing vendors for yours. the romance novel is the eternal struggle between male and female. Start it how you would any book and develop a realistic, heartwarming romance that makes sense and hasn't been done before. 3+ Short Story Outline Templates A short story is a kind of fiction that can be read in one sitting. COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course is designed to develop among students an awareness and appreciation of the depth and breadth of our country’s literatures in order to foster among them the desire for truth, love for country and nature, which will eventually constitute a competent, compassionate and committed Augustinians. It is an artform on its own, and one needs to practice writing many of them to get a handle on the form. The Point of View used in this short story is the Omniscient Limited - The author tells the story in third person (using pronouns they, she, he, it, etc). All it needs to become a best seller, is your idea, your unique characters, and your ideal setting. If any of you would like to share your short story structures I would LOVE to see them. Customize the message and put in all your special moments, inside jokes and more. Short stories are poignant pieces of literature, as pithy and powerful as poetry but in a more straightforward and relatable package. The Short Story Romance Handbook: How I Make Over $1, 000 a Month Writing Short Story Romance (and it only took me 3 months) - Kindle edition by Hope Ford. Fellow humans, I present to you 20 romance story prompts. In erotic romance stories, the hero and heroine (yes, these are usually heterosexual stories) fall in love or decide to make a commitment of some sort, generally marriage. Love protects. Amazon – the giant online store offers more that 8,000 items under “Short Stories” in the Children’s Ebooks Department. Short Story newsletter is a comprehensive summary of the day's most important blog posts and news articles from the best Short Story websites on the web, and delivered to your email inbox each morning. Imagining their reunion had helped her do unspeakable things since the Collapse. Introduction to the short story as a genre 1. "Outline the plot of the story. Writing an engaging love story isn't just about emotion, though. FREE SHORT SERMONS are available in a succinct format. Welcome to PoeStories. Tillie Olsen Short Story Award. The traditional approach to writing an outline is not as rigid as some other models. Creating Outlines by Kathleen Lietzau (printable version here) What is an Outline? An outline is a way of formally arranging and developing ideas. What You Wish For is a collection of short stories and poems for ages 12+, organized by Book Wish Foundation, an all-volunteer 501(c)(3) public charity. W storyboard, sticky-note storyboard, novel writing software, outlining your novel and brainstorming. com your premier online source for free romantic stories. Learning how to write a short story is the perfect place to begin your writing journey. Literary work, it also includes theatrical, cinematic, documental, and musical work. Essential aspects to remember in a romance plot: Heroine and hero must meet quickly, after setting up normal life, thus triggering the main plot. 1 (Video) - Six Act Structure. These essential elements keep the story running smoothly and allow the action to develop in a logical way that the reader can follow. com CHAPTER 6: PLOT POINT 1 This is the end of the first act, and the gateway to the vast wilderness that is The Middle. In the short story "Summer", John Updike uses the character Homer's external conflict of unreturned love to ultimately reveal that opportunities will be missed if chances are not taken. Short story writers are listed alphabetically. Husband Tests. 13 Common Love Story Plots You Can’t Miss Out. Free printable PDF writing worksheet. Your premise is the basic idea for your story. With their mother, their sister Margaret, and their stepbrother John, they make up the Dashwood family. Love is like a smile - neither have any value unless given away. Almond Press / Dystopian Short Story Example The dystopian genre can be varied and crossed with many other genres. The book was interesting to me in a way because of the mature language and the gruesome way to describe the incidents and took place in the book, which was a first for me. It requires an immense amount of time, work, and dedication, and even in the outline; you’d be surprised to find how easily one rushed paragraph can ruin the whole thing! After all, the outline is the backbone of your entire story! Take a break and come back, but don’t put the fate of your story in danger by rushing!. The story is about a patriotic smuggler whose species is being exterminated.